Universitätssiegel
Funding
DFG Initiative of Excellence, HeiKa Programme
 

Research Project

Crowd FDA: Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis

The aftermath of disasters – such as the recent Nepal earthquake – have shown that the general public can contribute to the response of a disaster event and moreover is able to organize and engage itself across national borders. Digital volunteerism is offering unique capabilities to bridge information gaps, particularly in crisis situations where infrastructure is broken or crisis response mechanisms are overloaded. Crowdsourcing offers the capacity to quickly process huge amounts of data and might represent the only source of information in certain situations. Consequently, crowdsourcing and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) are useful to complete official information for decision makers and emergency responders in crisis situations. This, however, raises the question of how such often poorly structured information can be incorporated into response plans in a disaster event. This faces a major problem: What is lacking in the field of crisis informatics is a conceptual scientific framework to integrate and operationalize crisis crowdsourcing into the official emergency management environment. (Liu, 2014). To solve this problem the proposed project seeks to develop a scientific framework for using crowdsourcing to generate insight about the potential emerging issues, causes and consequences of losses in disasters. This will be accomplished by bridging the competencies and complimentary expertise in near real-time Forensic Disaster Analysis (FDA) at the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM, KIT) with expertise available in Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) at the GIScience Research Group of Heidelberg University. The main result is the development of a Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis (Crowd FDA) scientific framework and novel methods. These will be operationalized in disaster event(s) during the project with respect to sheltering of displaced populations as a pilot application area.

crowd_fda_framework
Figure: CrowdFDA framework

 

News
12.01.2018 15:00
New Real-time OSM service provides custom up-to-date Extracts of OpenStreetMap Data

Disaster events damage human infrastructure and its surroundings within seconds. To support humanitarian logistics, the Disaster OpenRouteService needs the latest, most accurate data available. While crowd-sourcing OSM updates during disasters proved very successful, there is not yet a convenient way of automatically accessing up-to-date OSM data for specific regions of interest. Addressing this need, HeiGIT [...]

10.01.2018 18:11
Deep Learning with Satellite Images and Volunteered Geographic Information

Recently, deep learning has been widely applied in pattern recognition with satellite images. Deep learning techniques like Convolutional Neural Network and Deep Belief Network have shown outstanding performance in detecting ground objects like buildings and roads, and the learnt deep features are further applied in some prediction tasks like poverty and population mapping. On the [...]

08.01.2018 11:02
GIS @ ISCRAM - Call for SHORT PAPERS - DL: Jan 21

15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2018) May 20-23, 2018, Rochester, NY, USA https://iscram2018.rit.edu/submissions Track: Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) https://iscram2018.rit.edu/sites/rit.edu.iscram2018/files/docs/ISCRAM_2018_track_GIS.pdf Deadline for paper submissions: December 10, 2017 Track Description With disasters and disaster management being an “inherently spatial” problem, geospatial information and technologies have been widely employed for supporting disaster [...]

03.12.2017 00:20
Deadline extended to Dec. 10th: ISCRAM GIS Track - Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

Final CALL FOR PAPERS: ISCRAM has extended the Deadline to December 10 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2018) May 20-23, 2018, Rochester, NY, USA https://iscram2018.rit.edu/submissions Track: Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) https://iscram2018.rit.edu/sites/rit.edu.iscram2018/files/docs/ISCRAM_2018_track_GIS.pdf Deadline for paper submissions: December 10, 2017 Track Description With disasters and disaster management being an “inherently spatial” problem, [...]

21.11.2017 07:38
Keynote at ‘Fachaustausch Geoinformation’ Heidelberg / Meet GIScience Heidelberg and HeiGIT

The regional GI Conference “Fachaustausch Geoinformatik” of the GeoNet.MRN is taking place on this Thursday Nov 23rd at the Print Media Academy Heidelberg. Prof. Alexander Zipf is giving one keynote about analysis and usage potential of free and open geodata. He will present some of the related work of the GIScience Research Group Heidelberg and [...]

07.11.2017 16:27
CALL FOR PAPERS: GIS track of ISCRAM, International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

CALL FOR PAPERS 15th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2018) May 20-23, 2018, Rochester, NY, USA https://iscram2018.rit.edu/submissions Track: Geospatial Technologies and Geographic Information Science for Crisis Management (GIS) https://iscram2018.rit.edu/sites/rit.edu.iscram2018/files/docs/ISCRAM_2018_track_GIS.pdf Deadline for paper submissions: December 03, 2017 Track Description With disasters and disaster management being an “inherently spatial” problem, geospatial information and technologies have been widely [...]

17.10.2017 10:06
Keynote at DLR.Open OpenGeoData Open Data Science Workshop

Today Prof. Alexander Zipf is giving an invited keynote speech at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen, the national aeronautics and space research centre of the Federal Republic of Germany. The DLR organises a two day workshop called “DLR.Open II - Open Data Science und Open Geodata“. This is the second workshop on Open Data [...]

08.09.2017 17:38
Disaster OpenRouteService now active in the Caribbean, North America (incl. Mexico) and Bangladesh

The Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) is currently coordinating OSM mapping activities as response to Hurricane “Irma” which is affecting the islands of the Caribbean and Florida, as well as to the severe floods in Bangladesh. Besides these two heavily affected regions, in the early morning hours a severe earthquake with magnitude of 8.1 hit Mexico. In [...]

10.08.2017 08:56
HeiGIT/GIScience Heidelberg partnership with Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT)

We are happy to hereby announce the official partnership of the HeiGIT/GIScience Research Group Heidelberg and the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT)! The GIScience Research Group at Heidelberg University has been supporting the use of OpenStreetMap for humanitarian and disaster management purposes already since 2008 when the first instance of the Disaster and Emergency OpenRouteService was developed [...]

19.06.2017 20:45
New Disaster OpenRouteService for Africa, South America and Indonesia released, supporting humanitarian logistics with OSM more sustainably

Recently HeiGIT @ GIScience Heidelberg released a dedicated stable disaster version of OpenRouteService (ORS) to support humanitarian logistics within specific regions of catastrophes with data from OSM in a more sustainable way. Since his start in 2008 OpenRouteServivce had been spontaneously applied for specific real world disaster cases already numerous times, for instance during the earthquakes in [...]

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