Universitätssiegel
Funding
DFG Initiative of Excellence, HeiKa Programme
 

Research Project

Crowd FDA: Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis

The aftermath of disasters – such as the recent Nepal earthquake – have shown that the general public can contribute to the response of a disaster event and moreover is able to organize and engage itself across national borders. Digital volunteerism is offering unique capabilities to bridge information gaps, particularly in crisis situations where infrastructure is broken or crisis response mechanisms are overloaded. Crowdsourcing offers the capacity to quickly process huge amounts of data and might represent the only source of information in certain situations. Consequently, crowdsourcing and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) are useful to complete official information for decision makers and emergency responders in crisis situations. This, however, raises the question of how such often poorly structured information can be incorporated into response plans in a disaster event. This faces a major problem: What is lacking in the field of crisis informatics is a conceptual scientific framework to integrate and operationalize crisis crowdsourcing into the official emergency management environment. (Liu, 2014). To solve this problem the proposed project seeks to develop a scientific framework for using crowdsourcing to generate insight about the potential emerging issues, causes and consequences of losses in disasters. This will be accomplished by bridging the competencies and complimentary expertise in near real-time Forensic Disaster Analysis (FDA) at the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM, KIT) with expertise available in Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) at the GIScience Research Group of Heidelberg University. The main result is the development of a Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis (Crowd FDA) scientific framework and novel methods. These will be operationalized in disaster event(s) during the project with respect to sheltering of displaced populations as a pilot application area.

crowd_fda_framework
Figure: CrowdFDA framework

 

News
27.04.2017 22:51
GIScience support for Crowdsourced Damage Assessment project at Stanford University

In the aftermath of natural disasters an assessment of the impact and damage in the affected area is crucial to enable coordination of response and recovery. While the disaster preparedness and response activations by the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team in regard to infrastructure mapping have already proven great potential in various disaster events, due to a [...]

20.04.2017 08:19
GIScience Colloquium Talk on Remote sensing in hazard and disaster monitoring, April 24

we cordially invite everybody interested to our next open GIScience colloquium talk on Mon, April 24, 2.15 pm, at the Department of Geography, Heidelberg University, Im Neuenheimer Feld 348, Lecture Hall, Room 015. The presentation will be given by Prof. Dr. Christine Pohl (Osnabrück). The topic is: The role of multimodal and multitemporal remote sensing in hazard and disaster [...]

14.03.2017 20:52
HeiGIT auf der CeBIT: Smarte Geodienste für Smart Cities

Zusammen mit Heidelberg Mobil International (HDMI) wird das neue „Heidelberg Institute for Geoinformation Technology“ (HeiGIT) dieses Jahr erstmalig auf der CeBIT in Hannover auf dem Smart City Forum vertreten sein. Dabei stehen ortsbasierte Dienste zur Navigation unter Berücksichtigung vielfältiger Anforderungen im Fokus. Wir zeigen das Potenzial nutzer-generierter OpenStreetMap-Daten und innovativer Geoinformationstechnologien für Smart City-Anwendungen, und stellen [...]

07.03.2017 17:52
Missing Maps Mapathon at Makerspace (DAI) - OSM for Malaria Elimination

Many regions of our world are not covered on a map. Maps are however an important tool for planning vaccination campaigns and for ensuring medical supplies. Places that are not covered in a map are in many cases nonexistent for authorities and other organizations. We want to change this situation - with your help- and [...]

06.03.2017 10:27
Towards using Volunteered Geographic Information to monitor post-disaster recovery in tourist destinations

The aftereffects of disaster events are significant in tourist destinations where they do not only lead to destruction and casualties, but also long-lasting economic harms. The public perception causes tourists to refrain from visiting these areas and recovery of the tourist industry, a major economic sector, to become challenging. To improve this situation, current information [...]

16.02.2017 08:54
Two talks on Tsunami Modeling ended GIScience Colloquium WS16/17

the GIScience Heidelberg colloquium series winter semester 2016/17 finished last week with even two presentations about Modeling Tsunami based risks and exposure. We were happy to hear first an overview from Andreas Schäfer vom KIT’s CEDIM about his PhD on Developing a Global Tsunami Risk Model. Thanks for our partners in the HeiKA CrowdFDA project [...]

04.01.2017 13:06
A Route Planner for Every Eventuality - Report about GIScience & HeiGIT

Heidelberg University reports about some of the work of the GIScience research group and at the Heidelberg Institute for Geoinformation Technology (HeiGIT), which is currently being established and core funded by the Klaus Tschira Stiftung. The short reports are available in English and in German. Enjoy! Check some of the Online Services by GIScience & HeiGIT

16.11.2016 15:58
Integrating MapSwipe and HOT Tasking Manager

The MapSwipe app allows you to mark buildings and roads on satellite imagery within just a few seconds by tapping on your smartphone. Thousands of volunteers contributed to MapSwipe so far and it is just incredible how big the areas are that have been scanned (also see : With one swipe or tap you put a family [...]

08.11.2016 15:02
HOT Summit MapSwipe and Pybossa Video Online

The presentations of this years HOT summit that was held in Brussels (September 22, 2016) were recorded and are now available in the Youtube channel of HOT, the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team. If you missed the summit and are interested in what we are doing, have a look at the video of the joint presentation of [...]

27.10.2016 17:11
The Tasks of the Crowd: A Typology of Tasks in Geographic Information Crowdsourcing and a Case Study in Humanitarian Mapping

In the past few years, volunteers have produced geographic information of different kinds, using a variety of different crowdsourcing platforms, within a broad range of contexts. However, there is still a lack of clarity about the specific types of tasks that volunteers can perform for deriving geographic information from remotely sensed imagery, and how the [...]

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