Räumliche Optimierung von Energiespeichern: Werkzeuge zur Potenzialanalyse und Strukturoptimierung von Speichern in regionalen Energiesystemen
A better understanding of the spatial and temporal variability of energy production and energy consumption plays a vital role in planning and maintaining regional energy system infrastructures, specifically in the context of power-heat-coupling. To compensate for the fluctuations of energy production and consumption and to balance the resulting peaks within local energy systems (as exemplarily shown in the figure above), decentralised temporary storage facilities (buffers) need to be deployed. However, to use such buffers more efficiently the spatial and temporal component needs to be considered, which makes the application of Geographic Information (GI) Systems and GIScience methods indispensable.
The GIS-OPT research project aims to develop GIS based tools for analysing the potential and optimizing the structure of decentralized storage facilities in regional energy systems taking account the temporal and spatial variability mentioned above. The scientific challenges include 1) improving the availability and accessibility of energy base data, 2) developing regionalization methods to fill data gaps by means of VGI and Energy Crowd Sourcing, 3) developing a generic data model and a GIS data integration module, and 4) developing a web-based information and public participation platform.
The research results will provide additional insights into the spatial and temporal behaviour of energy production and consumption. The generic tools and data models developed will improve the concept of decentralised temporary storage, specifically for electricity and heat, within regional energy systems. Two pilot deployments will be performed in the Rhein-Neckar region (in coopations with AVR Energie GmbH) and the city of Freiburg (in cooperation with badenova AG & Co KG)