Universitätssiegel
Förderung
DFG Initiative of Excellence, HeiKa Programme
 

Forschungsprojekt

Crowd FDA: Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis

The aftermath of disasters – such as the recent Nepal earthquake – have shown that the general public can contribute to the response of a disaster event and moreover is able to organize and engage itself across national borders. Digital volunteerism is offering unique capabilities to bridge information gaps, particularly in crisis situations where infrastructure is broken or crisis response mechanisms are overloaded. Crowdsourcing offers the capacity to quickly process huge amounts of data and might represent the only source of information in certain situations. Consequently, crowdsourcing and Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) are useful to complete official information for decision makers and emergency responders in crisis situations. This, however, raises the question of how such often poorly structured information can be incorporated into response plans in a disaster event. This faces a major problem: What is lacking in the field of crisis informatics is a conceptual scientific framework to integrate and operationalize crisis crowdsourcing into the official emergency management environment. (Liu, 2014). To solve this problem the proposed project seeks to develop a scientific framework for using crowdsourcing to generate insight about the potential emerging issues, causes and consequences of losses in disasters. This will be accomplished by bridging the competencies and complimentary expertise in near real-time Forensic Disaster Analysis (FDA) at the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM, KIT) with expertise available in Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) at the GIScience Research Group of Heidelberg University. The main result is the development of a Crowdsourcing for Forensic Disaster Analysis (Crowd FDA) scientific framework and novel methods. These will be operationalized in disaster event(s) during the project with respect to sheltering of displaced populations as a pilot application area.

crowd_fda_framework
Figure: CrowdFDA framework

 

News
29.11.2018 08:53
Deadline extended to 08.12.2018 for Full Papers for the International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM), Valencia

ISCRAM is a forum where researchers and practitioners from all around the world meet to share experiences and raise challenges in all the aspects related to the design, development, and use of information systems to improve the management of crisis and disaster situations. The 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management [...]

21.11.2018 07:51
2nd CALL FOR PAPERS: GIS track of ISCRAM 2019, 16th. International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Valencia Spain

ISCRAM is a forum where researchers and practitioners from all around the world meet every year to share experiences and raise challenges in all the aspects related to the design, development, and use of information systems to improve the management of crisis and disaster situations. The 16th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and [...]

08.11.2018 14:16
GeOnG Conference 2018: Workshop Materials and Slides

After the successful GeOnG conference 2018 in chambery we want to thank the organizers and all participants. We contributed in several ways, as already highlighed in our previous blogpost. Now, we also want to share our slides and workshop material with everyone interested. Round table discussion: Machine Learning, AI & satellite imagery: what impact on humanitarian mapping: [...]

18.09.2018 06:42
CALL FOR PAPERS: GIS track of ISCRAM 2019, 16th. International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Valencia Spain

Call for papers ISCRAM is a forum where researchers and practitioners from all around the world meet every year to share experiences and raise challenges in all the aspects related to the design, development, and use of information systems to improve the management of crisis and disaster situations. The 16th International Conference [...]

14.09.2018 12:33
Missing Maps Gathering, FOSS4G and HOT Summit 2018 in Dar es Salaam

As previously announced, Sabrina Marx and Melanie Eckle recently visited Dar es Salaam to attend the Missing Maps Members Gathering and to join the FOSS4G and HOT Summit community for their joint annual gatherings. The Missing Maps Members Gathering was the first side event of the conference week. Likewise to previous years, the Missing Maps members [...]

08.09.2018 17:42
Keynote on VGI and AI for Disaster Management by Prof. Zipf at 10 Years HAUS New York

Heidelberg Alumni USA (HAUS) is the alumni initiative for all former students, lecturers, professors or staff of Heidelberg University who live or work in the US. HAUS was born in New York City, and that’s where we will celebrate the tenth anniversary the weekend of September 14-16, 2018. We hope you will be there for this [...]

24.05.2018 23:40
BuFaTa Mapathon HD – Spreading the Word about OpenStreetMap and Missing Maps

Last weekend Heidelberg was the host city of this semesters geography “BuFaTa” (Bundesfachschaftentagung). During this four day event student associations from Germany, Austria and Switzerland and their members came together to discuss, learn and spend time together. The event was organized by an excellent student team from Heidelberg. The disastermappers Heidelberg contributed to the BuFaTa by organising a Missing [...]

25.04.2018 15:48
Coupling maximum entropy modeling with geotagged social media data to determine the geographic distribution of tourists

Modeling the geographic distribution of tourists at a tourist destination is crucial when it comes to enhancing the destination’s resilience to disasters and crises, as it enables the efficient allocation of limited resources to precise geographic locations. Seldom have existing studies explored the geographic distribution of tourists through understanding the mechanisms behind it. A recently [...]

02.04.2018 19:43
Towards Using the Potential of OpenStreetMap History for Disaster Activation Monitoring

Over the last years, the growing OpenStreetMap (OSM) database repeatedly proved its potential for various use cases, including disaster management. Disaster mapping activations show increasing contributions, but oftentimes raise questions related to the quality of the provided Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). In order to better monitor and understand OSM mapping and data quality, HeiGIT developed a [...]

28.03.2018 09:59
Workshop with Wikimedia on Disaster Management: Connecting Humanitarian Actors, Research and Digital Volunteer Communities

Over the last couple of years a new group of actors has become increasingly important to support disaster management - digital volunteers. They support disaster responses and humanitarian activities from all over the world. Crowdsourced Wikipedia articles are oftentimes the first source of information people read to learn more about a disaster. Likewise, the OpenStreetMap [...]

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